TWO-PHASE MISSION FOR KENYA, THE THIRD BENEFICIARY STATE UNDER THE EU/ACP PROJECT
The two-week Kenyan Preliminary Mission
The mission to Kenya was unique as compared to the first two beneficiary states of Rwanda and Seychelles.
The mission earlier scheduled to begin from January 2014 had to start earlier from 9th to 20th December 2013. It is common knowledge that the fire incident at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in August 2013 had a major impact on the planned security arrangements at the airport since there was an evident alteration to the security infrastructure which required a closer scrutiny by the project team and subsequent technical advice to the State on the possible immediate fixes to the system prior to the full mission visit.
During the preliminary mission, a comprehensive assessment of the airport in its current state was carried out by the team for the purpose of subsequently providing to the State in form of an assessment report an extensive list of options, alternatives, ideas, and suggestions as possible for the various aviation security decision makers to choose from when first considering security infrastructure as determined by the fire as well as requirements in the early planning and design of the new and upcoming airport facilities.
It was remarkable that the airport had displayed remarkable efforts to provide a secure environment to the travelling public even under such challenging circumstances.
The team’s sights were therefore focused on the following key areas:
- General Airport Layout
- Security Related Areas
- Assessment of Vulnerable Areas
- Boundaries and Access Points
- Facilities, Areas and Geographical Placements
- Baggage Systems
- Passenger Screening Points
- Access Control
- IT, Power, Communications, Cabling Infrastructure and Cyber Security
The results of assessment were presented under confidential cover to the appropriate authority for consideration
Technical Assistance for Kenya
Working with the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority towards improving the aviation security landscape in Kenya was a humbling experience for the team.
Kenya sits on a significant spot on the global security map considering the State’s past security experiences regarding acts of terrorism.
The project team had to put all the pieces of the security puzzle together in order to provide a healthy advice on how to mitigate the prevailing risks to the aviation environment in Kenya.
The Kenyan case was further made significant when during the technical assistance, an incident involving and IED occurred at a popular restaurant at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Amid all these issues, the team remained focused and managed to deliver the required technical assistance and training within the planned period.
By the end of the mission on 7th March 2014, the project team had managed to deliver the following assistance:
- Assisted the State of Kenya with implementing its Corrective Action Plan (CAP) to improve the level of effective implementation of ICAO Annex 17 SARPs following the ICAO audit done in 2008
- Provided an elaborate advice on how to elegantly establish an effective national Aviation Security Oversight and Security Quality Assurance in a cost-effective manner.
- Based on the elaborate assessment of the JKIA security structure, provided appropriate advisory and technical assistance services to ensure the implementation of aviation security measures compliant with ICAO Annex 17 SARPs and guidelines concerning JKIA’s airport access, perimeter controls; aircraft protection; baggage, cargo and mail controls; passenger checks; staff checks; local supervision as well as landside security.
- Did an elaborate assessment of the aviation security training needs in Kenya based on an intricate criteria.
- Developed a specific training programme to address Kenya’s AVSEC needs.
- Delivered for four weeks, five training activities to improve the capabilities of the aviation security stakeholders in Kenya in implementing the various security measures consistent with the prevailing aviation security environment under which they operate.
Training Activities for Kenya
The following five (5) training activities were conducted in Kenya:
1. Kenya Aviation Security Management & Organization
This training was tailor-made for Kenya with the focus being the management and organization of aviation security as was. The training incorporated senior management staff from the various stakeholders who used this opportunity to discuss management issues and challenges faced and how to overcome such challenges.
2. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport ASP Workshop
There was a clear focus on JKIA when this workshop was developed. With the known challenges faced at the airport as a result of the fire incident, participants got the rare opportunity to deliberate on issues affecting their own airport which interacting with the Airport Security Programme as amended. Key issues were discussed and matters which were not clear were elaborated.
3. Bomb Threat Assessment Course
This was one of the most interactive and more so, interesting of the courses. Participants were treated to very interesting scenarios as well as new concepts of bomb threat assessment. A new team of assessors was born!
4. Airline Security Operations Course for Non-Airline Security Staff
Non-airline security staff had a rare opportunity to have a clear understanding of airline security operations. It was very interactive and provided to the participants the much needed knowledge in the less travelled route, which is airline security.
5. Security Risk Assessment & Crisis Management Course
This course was well attended and was an eye-opener to most of the participants. What was interesting was the fact that the course was tailor-made to focus on the Kenyan scenario as opposed to a generic crisis management training programme.
A total of 102 persons participated in the activities of the training programme in Kenya.