The programme has a number of key objectives. These include the harmonisation of aviation safety and security regulations at regional and national levels and the improvement of aviation safety through technical assistance and training. Furthermore, the programme aims to improve aviation security through the provision of technical assistance, training and equipment at regional and national level. Finally, the programme will also provide technical assistance to build capacity for the development of GNSS/EGNOS services in Africa.
With the ultimate goal of increasing consumer confidence in air services in Africa, the first comprised project aims to improve aviation safety standards with the target that all states and airlines involved will meet the applicable ICAO standards. The technical assistance provided to states within this context should also help airlines to comply with the relevant safety standards and contribute to the removal of states and airlines from the EU safety list.
With regard to aviation security, another comprised project should result in improved security levels at African airports, particularly with security sensitive traffic such as direct flights to Europe, and should lead to a reduction in the number of airports not meeting ICAO standards. This will involve the provision of a training course organiser and specialist consultancy advice and the funding of expenses for instructors, trainees and consultants.
All African states are members of ICAO and, in line with its Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs), all air navigation services providers (ANSPs) are required to implement GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) for improved CNS (Communications, Navigation, Surveillance) performance. Plans for extending the EGNOS service to Africa have mainly been led by the aviation community and a full test programme has been successfully implemented across the entire region, with operational flight trials facilitated by the GALILEO Joint Undertaking.
The provision of improved EGNOS-enabled landing guidance services will see traffic increase at many airports, as improved safety prompts airlines to offer new routes to them. The third comprised project will extend previous work undertaken by the EU in Africa by supporting a two year preliminary phase prior to the deployment of GNSS/EGNOS infrastructure in Africa.
By achieving these objectives, the overall programme will contribute to the over-riding goal of enhancing Africa’s economic growth and connectivity and promoting regional integration. The programme will encourage the development of aviation in Africa and, where possible, it will endeavour to do this in an environmentally sensitive manner, for example by encouraging the development of direct routings through GNSS.